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Biak-na-Bato National Park

Biak-na-Bato National Park

Address: Bulacan

Description: Capacity-building initiatives in the biodiversity-rich limestone forest of Biak-na-Bato National Park have transformed natural resource extractors into vigilant stewards, giving this conservation site a fighting chance against the damage caused by marble quarrying, illegal logging and charcoal-making processes, and encroachment by illegal settlers.

Status: Closed

Site Profile Summary

Ecosystem Types

Karst (Limestone) Forest

Protection Status

National Park (Presidential Proclamation No. 401, year?)


658.85 ha

Geographical Profile

  • An aquifer of potable water – from rivers Balaong and Madlum – for residents of the adjacent municipalities.

  • Features about 100 mostly unexplored caves which create eco-tourism opportunities.

  • Part of the geographical base of the Angat watershed, one of the most important water sources of the Greater Manila Area.


  • Orchids, trees, shrubs, ferns, bushes and bokawe (buho) are some of the flora than can be found in the park.


  • Preliminary faunal surveys identified 177 species – two amphibians, 67 arthropods, 81 birds, nine mammals, and five reptiles.

  • Home to diverse wildlife that includes notable endemic species such as the kalaw or the Philippine hornbill (Bucerous hydrocorax), spotted wild boar (Sus philippinensis), and Philippine deer (Cervus marianus). Also present are cloud rats, monkeys, monitor lizards, and swiftlets.


Livelihood Sources

  • Eco-tourism livelihoods such as street vending, , catering, and cave guiding; agriculture and livestock raising

Other Matters of Significance

  • Historically significant site, being the area where Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo retreated to after ordering the execution of fellow revolutionary leader, Andres Bonifacio.


FPE-funded Projects and Initiatives


Grant Type, Strategy


Implementing Partners

Biak-na-Bato Post Site-Focused Intervention Assessment

Small, Proactive, Sites



Sama-Samang Aksyon At Gawain Upang Isalba Ang Parke (SAGIP)

Small, Advocacy


  • Buklod-Unlad ng Dalitang Umaasa sa Kalikasan (BUNDUK)

Biak-na-Bato National Park Conservation Project

Large, Site-focused


  • Buklod-Unlad ng Dalitang Umaasa sa Kalikasan (BUNDUK)

Pagpapalaganap Ng Kalagayan At Kahalagahan Ng Biak Na Bato Natural Park

Medium, Advocacy, Environmental Defense

Oct 2007-Apr 2008

  • Buklod-Unlad ng Dalitang Umaasa sa Kalikasan (BUNDUK)

A Shift towards Area Specific Intervention through Strategic Planning for the FPE Priority Site in Biak na Bato

Medium, Proactive, Sites



Biak-na-Bato Guides Project

Small, Action Grant


  • Samahan ng mga Mamamayan para sa Kalikasan ng Biak-na-Bato (SAMAKABA)

Community Land-Use Planning and Mapping for Biak-na-Bato, Buasao Watershed, Baggao and Mt. Bulusan

Medium, Proactive


  • Philippine Associatjon for Intercultural Development, Inc. (PAFID)

Park Development Project for Biak-na-Bato National Park

Large, Proactive


  • Miriam College – Public Education and Awareness Campaign for the Environment (Miriam-PEACE)

Biak-na-Bato Buffer Zone Management Project

Medium, Responsive


  • Grassroots-Philippines Services, Inc.

Key Outcomes



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