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Today is June 18, 2024
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Mt. Kalbario-Patapat, Ilocos Norte

Mt. Kalbario-Patapat, Ilocos Norte

Address: Pagudpud and Adams, Ilocos Norte

Description: Established in April 2009, this 3,800-hectare national park is a protected area located on the Patapat mountains, within the municipalities of Pagudpud and Adams, Ilocos Norte. A notable man-made attraction found here is the Patapat Viaduct in Pagudpud, an elevated bridge that winds around the mountainside to facilitate vehicular travel minus the dangers of landslides. It also offers a great view of Pasaleng Bay. Home to springs, waterfalls, and closed canopy mountain forests, and streams that lead to Pasaleng Bay, Kalbario Patapat Natural Park is listed as IUCN ( International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) Category III (Natural Monument).

Status: Newly Opened

Site Profile Summary

Protection Status      Proclamation 1275, s. 2009, under RA 7586 or the National Integrated Protected Areas (NIPAS) Act of 1992
Area 3,800 hectares (and 1,937 hectares buffer zone)
Bio-geographic features        Situated in the municipalities of Pagudpud and Adams, Ilocos Norte, Kalbario Patapat Natural Park (KPNP) is listed as a National Monument or IUCN Category III by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).  KPNP and the Buffer Zone consists of forested mountains and hills covered by primary and secondary growth vegetation, whichi gradually slope to the sea. Mountain springs and waterfalls are common in Adams, and estuaries, beaches and reefs in Pagudpud.
Flora The dipterocarp forests are home to ferns, allies, underbrush and tree species. Among 39 recorded species of ferns, one, Platycerium coronarium, is listed as critically endangered, while two are vulnerable. Amorphophallus adamsesis, the 11th species of Amorphaphallus in the Philippines, was also found in Adams.
Fauna KPNP is home to the Small Rufuous Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus subrufus), which is both endemic and endangered; and several endemic frogs: the Luzon endemic frog (Sanguirana luzonensis), and a near-threatened species, Limnonectes macrocephalus. The most threatened bird species in KPNP include teh Flame-breasted Fruit Dove, the Spotted Imperial-pigeon, the Philippine Eagle-owl (Bubo philippinensis), Whiskered Pitta (Pitta kochi), and the Green-faced parrotfinch.
Livelihood Resources Farming, fishing, livestock and poultry-raising, tourism


Biophysical Profile

KPNP is adjacent to Cagayan and Apayao, with hilly to mountainous terrain and steep slopes. The Patapat mountains are part of the northernmost tip of the Central Cordilleras.The faults and trenches bring forth springs and waterfalls, surrounded by closed canopy forests, and streams flow into Pasaleng Bay and the West Philippine Sea.
Barangays Balao, Pancian, Pasaleng, and Adams are susceptible to natural hazards such as flooding and landslides.  

Sociocultural Situation

Adams is a fifth-class municipality, while Pagudpud is a fourth-class municipality. Pagudpud is gaining popularity as a tourist destination, and houses some energy and infrastructure projects. 
Adams is located within the ancestral domain area currently applied for by the Isneg-Yapayao Tribal Association. 

Economic Situation


FPE-funded Projects and Initiatives

Date Project Proponent
2015-2016 Site-Focused Area Support for Kalbario-Patapat Natural Park         FPE Luzon Regional Unit   


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