Today is July 07, 2020
Today is July 07, 2020
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Polillo Islands

Polillo Islands

Address: Quezon

Description: The remaining forest in this site is classified entirely as a lowland evergreen forest, which serves as a habitat to a diverse range of endemic species and sub-species of fauna and flora. Thus, the Polillo islands are given due significance as a conservation area. Illegal extractive activities and the prevalence of the kaingin system pose the key threats to its natural riches.

Status: Closed

Site Profile Summary

Ecosystem Types

  • Lowland evergreen and mangrove forests

  • Limestone forests

  • Mangrove forests

  • Aquatic and marine

Protection Status

Protected Area


82,617.30 hectares

Biogeographic Highlights

  • Composed of 27 small islands and islets, the Polillo archipelago also hosts a total of 145 watersheds.

  • An important conservation area in the Philippines because of its remaining forest (entirely a lowland evergreen forest), which is the natural habitat of several Polillo-endemic animal and plant species and sub-species.

  • Other habitat and ecosystem types, both terrestrial and marine, exhibit a high rate of species diversity.

  • The islands support important populations of globally threatened species such as the Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), Butaan monitor lizard (Varanus olivaceus), and at least nine endemic bird sub-species, including the Polillo-endemic blue-naped and blue-backed parrots (T.l. hybridus and T.s. freer).

  • Common pathway of incoming and outgoing typhoons.


  • Some important genera of plants found across the Islands: Pandanus, Canarium, Grewia, and Gnetum.


  • Species first discovered and recorded in Polillo Islands: Polillo forest frog (Platymantis polilloensis), Polillo green-scaled gecko (Pseudogekko smaragdinus).

  • Endemic species and sub-species: Polillo tarictic hornbill (Penelopides manillae subnigra), Blue-naped parrot (Tanygnathus lucionensis hybridus), Blue-blacked parrot (Tanygnathus sumatranus freeri), Crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus castroi), Pollilo trogon (Harpactes ardens minor), Polillo greater flameback (Chrysocolaptes lucidus grandis),and the Polillo white-browned Shama (Copsychus luzoniensis parvimaculatus).

  • Philippine Cockatoo, Blue naped parrot, Luzon bleeding heart, Red jungle fowl, butaan monitor lizrd, Philippine brown deer, Philippine warty pig, Long tailed macaque, Green sea turtle Hawksbill turtle.

Livelihood Resources

  • Farming (including Nipa plantations)

  • Fishing

  • Forest products


FPE-funded Projects and Initiatives


Grant Type, Strategy


Implementing Partner

Up-Scaling Forest Restoration Efforts in Key Biodiversity Areas Project

FPE Special Project


  • Polillo Island Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc. (PIBCFI)

Key Outcomes


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